What do all these regions have in common : Sussex, Etna, Mosel, Lanzarote, Salta? All of them are extreme areas for cultivation of the vine and wine producing.
Being considered the limit area for the cultivation of vine, England owns a total surface of 1600 ha spread over several areas: Kent, East and West Sussex and Surrey. All this plantations benefits from a microclimate influenced by currents of hot air coming from the Gulf of Mexico, without which the vine cultivation in these areas would not be possible.Only varieties with an early ripening can be grown. Grapes accumulate a low amount of sugar and have a high acidity, which gives them features perfect for sparkling wine production. The quality of sparkling wine in England is surprising.
Mount Etna, located in the northeast of Sicily, is an active volcano that erupts from time to time and it is one of the warmest areas in Italy. If all these data aren’t discouraging enough for vintners, may we add some scary elements: it is one of the vineyards planted at high altitudes, over 1100 metres; the positioning of these plantations make it almost impossible to mechanize maintenance of vines; to all this we add the heat and drought in summer.
However the grapes benefit from a rich, volcanic soil, Mediterranean breeze and temperature differences between day and night, all this adding together to the quality, complexity and uniqueness of the wines.
Is one of the most "steep" vine plantations in the world,known for the repartition on narrow terraces on slopes of 65 °-70 °, which protect the banks of the Moselle river, which crosses Germany in Koblenz and reach up in Luxembourg following a distance of 150 km, is one of the most spectacular wine region encompassing 5.000 producers who cultivate a total of 9.000 hectares in the wine-growing villages 125 , in extremely difficult conditions. It is the fifth wine region as acreage in Germany, but the first when it comes to notoriety, thanks to wine quality and spectacular scenery. It is one of the most famous regions for production of Riesling, wines with high acidity, floral, complex with mineral tints produced completely dry "trocken"
A strange volcanic island which manages to produce wines whose quality is recognized internationally. Situated pretty close to West Africa, surprises viewers through it’s unique landscape . Lanzarote benefits form the most surprising landscapes, with a volcanic history, it created a moonscape, with areas devoid of vegetation, different colors of soil,craters and spectacular rocks . The largest volcanic eruption took place in 1730 and totally destroyed the crops. If initially considered to be a disaster, in a short time farmers were able to see beneficial influence of volcanic dust. The island benefits the from cold air currents of the Atlantic,but also the warm currents of Africa,creating a beneficial microclimate for obtaining aromatic wines with high acidity.
Salta in northern Argentina, is one of the most extreme areas for growing vines, but also perhaps one of the most spectacular. High altitude which reaches 3000 meters but little latitude 24 ° S located near the Equator, creates the ideal balance for the production of exceptional wines. The variations in temperature between day and night, as well as the microclimate created, offers the ideal setting for the production of exceptional wines which added full bodied, aromatic acidity but powerful imprints.
A selection of wines from these regions, as well as other information, will be presented by Wine Educator Elod Adam within the masterclass Extreme viticultural regions! Extreme Wines!